November 17, 2013

Book Review: Lawrence in Arabia by Scott Anderson

Lawrence in Arabia: War, Deceipt, Imperial Folly and the Making of the Modern Middle East
Author: Scott Anderson
Genre: Nonfiction/History
Release Date: August 6, 2013
Publisher: Doubleday


A thrilling and revelatory narrative of one of the most epic and consequential periods in 20th century history – the Arab Revolt and the secret “great game” to control the Middle East
The Arab Revolt against the Turks in World War One was, in the words of T.E. Lawrence, “a sideshow of a sideshow.”  Amidst the slaughter in European trenches, the Western combatants paid scant attention to the Middle Eastern theater.  As a result, the conflict was shaped to a remarkable degree by a small handful of adventurers and low-level officers far removed from the corridors of power. 

Curt Prüfer was an effete academic attached to the German embassy in Cairo, whose clandestine role was to foment Islamic jihad against British rule.  Aaron Aaronsohn was a renowned agronomist and committed Zionist who gained the trust of the Ottoman governor of Syria. William Yale was the fallen scion of the American aristocracy, who traveled the Ottoman Empire on behalf of Standard Oil, dissembling to the Turks in order gain valuable oil concessions.  At the center of it all was Lawrence.  In early 1914 he was an archaeologist excavating ruins in the sands of Syria; by 1917 he was the most romantic figure of World War One, battling both the enemy and his own government to bring about the vision he had for the Arab people.

The intertwined paths of these four men – the schemes they put in place, the battles they fought, the betrayals they endured and committed – mirror the grandeur, intrigue and tragedy of the war in the desert.  Prüfer became Germany’s grand spymaster in the Middle East.  Aaronsohn constructed an elaborate Jewish spy-ring in Palestine, only to have the anti-Semitic and bureaucratically-inept British first ignore and then misuse his organization, at tragic personal cost.  Yale would become the only American intelligence agent in the entire Middle East – while still secretly on the payroll of Standard Oil.  And the enigmatic Lawrence rode into legend at the head of an Arab army, even as he waged secret war against his own nation’s imperial ambitions.

Based on years of intensive primary document research, LAWRENCE IN ARABIA definitively overturns received wisdom on how the modern Middle East was formed.  Sweeping in its action, keen in its portraiture, acid in its condemnation of the destruction wrought by European colonial plots, this is a book that brilliantly captures the way in which the folly of the past creates the anguish of the present.

Lawrence in Arabia is an intense and highly informative nonfiction book that follows the Arab Revolt and the following quest to control the Middle East. The book tells the story of four different men who were integral in the volatile times and actions that happened during the twentieth-century in the Middle East, as well as the consequences of these actions. The book is written in a somewhat relaxed narrative that comes off as fascinating rather than dry, but parts of the book were boring for me as a reader. This is most likely due to the fact that I'm not a huge history buff or highly interested in the Middle East. The book was expertly written with tons of information, facts, and images that backed the author's ideas and claims. The book was well written and does a good job of not dragging the reader down with too much information at once or overly boring narrative. Definitely recommended for fans of history nonfiction as well as those interested in the Middle East and it's history.

*A big thanks to Doubleday for sending me a copy of the book for review!*


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